Wednesday, 6 February 2019

The Iceni & The Belgae

The Iceni -

In a post some time ago I covered the 'Eye of Odin' coin minted by the Iceni Tribe of East Anglia, and suggested they could be a Germanic Tribe. Well it seems that in the area of academia there is perhaps a wind of change. I came across an article on the site www.academia.ed called 'The Language of Inscriptions on Iceni Coinage' by Daphne Nash Brigg which argued for a Germanic origin of some of the inscriptions on these coins. The argument covers a number of inscriptions, some of which I will feature here -


This one is interesting in that the author equated this with the IE Root *aig- which means 'oak'. From this roots we get -

Ek - Old Saxon

Ek - Old Frisian

Eik - Old Norse

Ac/Aec - Old English

Eih - Old High German

The Celts did not use this root but that of IR *dru/*drue so if this did mean 'oak' it would be Germanic. The root does appear in Germanic in words for 'tree', 'stag' and 'true' but not for the Oak-Tree. The inscription can thus mean -

ek - oak

en - 'made of'

The coin could be invoking 'strength' through the symbol of the Oak-Tree. The Old English aecen means 'oaken'. 


This is equated with the OE ece meaning 'eternal'; It stems from the IE Root *aiw-/*aiu meaning 'vital energy' or 'vital force'. In view of the later use of the ALU-ULA this could be an earlier way of invoking such subtle energies. 


This is actually equated with the Germanic Ansuz no doubt since the Root *asu is that of another kind of 'Vital Force' or 'Vital Energy'. Ansuz becomes AEsc in Old English. 

AL - FE - ALE (ALI) -

Perhaps the most interesting inscription is one that contains AL - FE - ALE (or ALI) which reminds us of the ALU-ULA Formula found in Caister, Norfolk, the area where this coin originates. This contains AL and ALE/ALI, so perhaps there never was a drastic change in people of this area and that the Wuffingas and the Iceni were closer blood-kinship that most scholars would have us believe. Again, alu is a vital force or vital energy. 

There is a valid point here and that is that the later inscriptions are runic which seems not to have been used until late times in regard to being letters and inscriptions, and probably brought over by the new wave of Wuffingas into East Anglia. It should also be remembered that the Iceni were Romanised at this time and a lot of stuff was Latin-orientated, as we see in the use of the 'V' for 'U' in some inscriptions. 

There is also the strange genealogy in the Wuffinga Royal Line which contains 'Caser' - 'Caesar'. This can now be explained if the peoples of East Anglia were little different than the incoming Wuffingas, for the latter may well have absorbed some of the Romanised elements into their own work. 

The above is the Iceni Coin showing Romulus and Remus being suckled by the Wolf; the Wolf was the totem of the Wuffingas. The Wuffingas seem to be associated with Sweden and the 'Vendel' culture. 

The Belgae -

The Belgae here in these islands dwelt in the area of Hampshire, and the earlier Romanised name of Winchester was named after them. They seem to have been a federation of Tribes living in Belgica, which is differentiated from Celtica (Gaul). In his 'Gallic Wars' Julius Caesar recounts that in 57 BCE the Suessones (who may have formed part of this federation) were ruled by Galba, and that in living memory their king Diviciacus had exercised sovereignty over most of Belgica and even parts of Britain. Caesar described the Belgae as raiding Britain for booty. Belgic coins have been found in Sussex, Kent and even as far as The Wash. 

The Suessones or Suessiones were most likely to have been a Germanic Tribe since (as I have shown in an old article) one of their coins shows what appears to be Woden being swallowed by the Wolf.

Similar coins as the one on the left have been found among the Iceni of East Anglia. The 'Eye-in-the-Mouth' motif is fairly widespread, and also seems connected to Woden. As I mentioned before, this seems to be Woden and not Tiw since it is the left-hand that is being swallowed. The 'bulging eyes' suggests a link to Woden, whose prominent feature is the Eye. There were other tribes in Belgica who were also here in Britain -

The Atrebates - Berkshire.

The Catalauni - Chatti (?).

The Pictones - Picts of Scotland.

The wearing of a Torc around the neck is said to have been a sign of royalty, but this is usually the crown in regard to kingship. The Torc, like any form of neck ornament, was usually a sign of being 'fettered', and it is thus possible that the Golden Torcs were a sign of the Woden-Born and the AEthlinga 'fettered' to the god Woden. 

This is another Iceni Coin bearing a similar motif as the one of the Suessiones. The first one has what seems to be either the hair or a helmet with feathers across the top. The second coin suggests a feathered helmet. These are usually seen as influenced by the Romans, but there has been a find here in England of an Anglo-Saxon helmet adorned across the top with feathers. 

The above is again an Iceni Coin showing the 'Eye-in-the-Mouth' motif; note again the 'feathered helmet', which in this case may represent the hair. This shows clearly an 'eye' entering the mouth, clearer than the other coin. 

The Fylfot is used on this Iceni Coin, and many of them show the Solar-Horse and the Solar-Disc. The die showing the Sunwise Fylfot is cast in such a way as to show four 'legs' or 'arms' suggesting movement, a very clever means of using this symbol. Seen as 'legs' this shown the sunwise movement of this particular symbol. 

In Freemasonry the 'All-Seeing Eye' is a symbol of deity. Perhaps the earliest forms come as the 'Third Eye' or 'Eye of Shiva' from the Vedic period. In regards to these facts the 'Eye' thus represents the god himself, and in these he is being swallowed, either by a man or wolf. The eye also represents the seer and thus knowledge and wisdom.

Note 1: If you read one of Wotan's Krieger's posts on one of his blogs, entitled 'The Iceni - A Germanic Tribe' you will find some good comments upon these same ideas. 

Note 2: In regard to the Folk-Wanderings which appear to place certain tribes next to other tribes at the same time in different eras there is something that is strange here. Some scholars consider the Cimri, Teutones and Ambrones to have been Celtic Tribes, since there are various Celtic names amongst them. (It seems that recent DNA research has not confirmed this but we do not know how this was conducted.) If the Cimbri are the Cymru (Welsh) then we have a strange coincidence, especially as the same scholars seem to link them to the Cimmerians.

The Cimmerians occupied an area next to the Saka (Saxons) and were driven out by these Royal Scythians. If the Cimmerians/Cymru were the Cimbri they occupied another area next to the Angles and Saxons. And when they migrated southwards into Italy, 20,000 Saxons aided the Langobards (kin to the Angles) in migrating down into Italy. And again, here in the islands they occupy a land next to the Anglo-Saxons. Is this all a coincidence? 

In regard to classifying such tribes we should perhaps use the term 'Germano-Celts' since there seems to be no clear indication as to whether these are Germanic or Celtic (the same peoples really). The Ambrones followed a 'Celtic' tradition of calling out their tribal affinities to their enemies, but here again this may be of certain Celtic Tribes, and we have already found that some are not 'Celtic' at all, in the sense of modern usage of the term. It is said the name 'Ambrones' is Celtic' since the prefix 'Ambr' is used amongst 'Celtic' Tribes, however it seems to be a Greco-Roman name, and we know that most of the names were Roman or Romanised, which does not help in any way. 

Unfortunately, the main source for the Cymru comes from the Eighteenth Century Iolo Morganwg whose writings are not widely accepted. He is the one who came up with the idea of the Coelbran as 'Celtic Runes'. His origins myth concerns Hu Gadarn (Hu the Mighty) who gives to the Cymru agriculture and civilisation (as does Scef to the English), and who leads them to these islands in 'three ships' (as do Hengest and Horsa) from Deffrobani (a place whose whereabouts is debated but seems likely to have been in southern regions since it is called 'The Summerlands'). Hu Gadarn is said to have invented the 'coracle' in which the Cymru came here - highly unlikely due to the size of these small boats! The Cymru were just one of the peoples coming here in his work.

(Added February 10th 2019).


  1. I read somewhere that 80% of Britons have same DNA with Britons living there 10 000 years ago, so you're actually right that there were Germanic people living already before the Saxons came. What happened to Aryan myth and metahistory blog? Unfortunately I can't read the blog of your friend anymore.

  2. I can't get onto the Aryan Myth and Metahistory site myself, noticed it is for invites only; have contacted VK about it.