I am going to visit this subject again in the light of some new ideas which should help us to understand how important the Holy White Stone of Ing is to the English Folk-Nation. Also, when I first studied this I mentioned that the Ken-Rune was 'upside-down', but this may not be right since it seems that this particular rune-stave could be drawn either way. This does not change the meaning, of course, since it would merely read - Ing-Fire-Gift - having exactly the same meaning as if written Gift-Fire-Ing. Of course, the later 'Christian Cross' imposed upon it does suggest that the stone is the wrong way up, since it is doubtful that a Christian Priest would carve an 'upside-down' cross. Either way, this small fact should be noted but really seems to make no difference.
The above runes found on Wikipedia show that the dating for the use of the Ken-Rune is between 450 CE and 550 CE, but could be dated later if the rune is the same way up as the stone stands - as late as 750 CE. But these rune-staves do show that this is some 400 - 600 years before the Normans invaded England, thus trying to infer that this to be 'Norman' is hardly logical. The local Steyning Museum told me that the stone was 'Norman'. The Church of St Andrew (which is today also named after the original Cuthman) was Saxon, but further built upon by the Normans, who have tried (no doubt) to completely erase the legend of Ing associated with the church, though somehow the name 'Cuthman' exists to link this 'Known Man' to Ingwe.
Ing was first among the East-Danes
Seen by men until he later eastwards
Went across the waves, the wagon sped behind,
Thus the Heardingas named the hero.
Old English Rune-Poem
In the legend of Cuthman we find that this 'Christian Saint' travels eastwards pushing a barrow in which his aged mother sits. No one but an idiot would actually see this as being a man pushing his mother in a barrow (some Judaeo-Christians obviously do). This is obviously exactly the same legend as that of Ingwe travelling eastwards, but Cuthman travels from Chidham to Steyning, possibly via Stane Street ('Stone Street'). What I intend to cover here is the idea that Ingwe-Cuthman uses a waen (wagon), though this would have, over a long period of time, become a 'barrow' which is not drawn but pushed.
The Waene-Cult or Fiery-Serpent Cult appears to be more ancient than the Esen-Cults; at least that is what most historians think. One of the main features that seem to be associated with the Waene-Cult is the 'wagon' in which either a God or Goddess rides. The most famous example is that of a ritual recorded by Tacitus, in which a goddess is said to sit in a wagon and then drawn to a Sacred Pool where she is 'cleansed', and where the slaves that pull the wagon are offered up as a sacrifice to the goddess. What we are told is that the goddess is named Nerthus and that one of the tribes that worshipped here was the Anglii - the English. Another account of such a ritual, though no details are given, is that of one to 'Isis'; this would seem to be the Germanic Isais rather than the Egyptian - Greek 'Isis'. But Isis was associated with a boat and we shall see how Nerthus may also have been associated with a 'Wagon-Boat' or 'Land-Ship'. We should also recall that Isis weeps tears as she searches for the pieces of her lost husband, Osiris, just as Freya weeps as she searches for her Od. This is a trait of the Waene-Goddess it would seem. There is also yet another Germanic Goddess associated with the boat-ship, and that is Nehallenia of the Frisians.
The wagon is a typical means of travel for some of the gods and goddesses -
- Thor has a chariot pulled by Goats.
- Freyr has a chariot pulled by a Boar.
- Freya has a chariot pulled by Cats.
- Njord is called 'God of the Wagon'.
The Dagenham Idol is a wooden idol over 4,250 years old, and found in a bog; can we link this, and the 'Bog-Men' to these ancient Waene-Cults? The figure is one-eyed, but various figures in Norse and Irish Myth contain prefix-names 'Ing' and are one-eyed. There is also the figures found in Denmark (Ing was first seen amongst the East-Danes) which are also wooden idols from an area of bog. Then we have the Oseberg Wagon and also the Oseberg Tapestry in which is found a scene of a horned figure leading a procession of figures who accompany a cart/wagon. This is dated around 834 CE.
Even today this very ancient tradition is upheld when the Queen, on certain functions, is driven around in a horse-drawn carriage ('carriage' sounds better than a 'cart' or 'wagon' but is the same). The body of King Rufus the Red is said to have been laid in a wagon and taken around the land before he was buried. In all of this we can see the very ancient idea of the Sacral King who is 'wed' to Sovereign (The Land). This is the Hieros Gamos or 'Sacred Marriage' of the King to the Land.
Although we have the Ken-Rune version as shown earlier, we also have the Ken-Fusion of the Ing-Rune (shown above) on the White Stone of Ing, thus doubling the connection with 'Fire'. It was also called by the name The Firestone which has been rejected by scholars but seems nearer to the truth than they would have us believe.
In the image above we see 'Jesus' bearing the central roof-beam, helping Cuthman to put this into place. Whoever created the above image used the Ing-Rune symbolism on the gaiters on his legs, which appears again in another image of 'Jesus' with his crook and by his sheep. The 'pillar' or 'beam' is a very ancient Aryan Heathen Symbol; both figures have a 'halo' around the head.
We have seen how Ingwe is the Son of Man and how he is associated with Bootes and Arcturus in particular, and that his name can mean The Anointed One, as does the name 'Krist'. We now seem to have a fairly accurate dating as to when this Holy Stone was carved, or at least we know that it was most likely carved between 450 CE and 750 CE, with the most likely being between 450 CE and 550 CE, which is around the time when the English were increasing their settlement here in these islands.